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Title: Deformation behavior, corrosion resistance, and cytotoxicity of Ni-free Zr-based bulk metallic glasses
Authors: Liu, L
Qiu, CL
Chen, Q
Chan, KC 
Zhang, SM
Keywords: Ni-free bulk metallic glasses
Mechanical properties
Corrosion resistance
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Source: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 2008, v. 86, no. 1, p. 160-169 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A 
Abstract: Two Ni-free bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) of Zr60Nb5Cu22.5Pd5Al7.5 and Zr60Nb5Cu20Fe5Al10 were successfully prepared by arc-melting and copper mold casting. The thermal stability and crystallization were studied using differential scanning calorimetry. It demonstrates that the two BMGs exhibit very good glass forming ability with a wide supercooled liquid region. A multi-step process of crystallization with a preferential formation of quasicrystals occurred in both BMGs under continuous heating. The deformation behavior of the two BMGs was investigated using quasi-static compression testing. It reveals that the BMGs exhibit not only superior strength but also an extended plasticity. Corrosion behaviors of the BMGs were investigated in phosphate buffered solution by electrochemical polarization. The result shows that the two BMGs exhibit excellent corrosion resistance characterized by low corrosion current densities and wide passive regions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed that the passive film formed after anodic polarization was highly enriched in zirconium, niobium, and aluminum oxides. This is attributed to the excellent corrosion resistance. Additionally, the potential cytotoxicity of the two Ni-free BMGs was evaluated through cell culture for 1 week followed by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl-)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and SEM observation. The results indicate that the two Ni-free BMGs exhibit as good biocompatibility as Ti-6Al-4V alloy, and thus show a promising potential for biomedical applications. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res, 2008
ISSN: 1549-3296
EISSN: 1552-4965
DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.31425
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