Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/30136
Title: New functions and applications of Walter, the sweating fabric manikin
Authors: Fan, J
Qian, X
Keywords: Clothing
Sweating thermal manikin
Thermal comfort
Walking motion
Walter
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Springer
Source: European journal of applied physiology, 2004, v. 92, no. 6, p. 641-644 How to cite?
Journal: European journal of applied physiology 
Abstract: In this paper, latest developments on Walter, a sweating fabric manikin, are reported. These include the improved simulation of "walking motion", the design and construction of an automated water supply, and real-time measurement of evaporative water loss and regulation of "skin" temperature through the regulation of the pumps inside the manikin body. Testing of commercial garment ensembles showed that the measurement of thermal insulation and moisture-vapour resistance of clothing is very reproducible with the coefficient of variation being generally less than 5%. It was also shown that, in addition to the thermal insulation and moisture-vapour resistance, the percentage of moisture accumulation within clothing is a very useful parameter of clothing comfort. The improved manikin has been used to investigate the effects of walking motion on thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of clothing. The trend of the effects of walking speed up to 1.13 in s -1 for the nude manikin and when it was wearing garments of different sizes are reported.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/30136
ISSN: 1439-6319
EISSN: 1439-6327
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-004-1134-1
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