Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29997
Title: Enhanced parameter estimation methods for noisy SPECT data
Authors: Wen, L
Eberl, S
Choi, HC
Feng, DD
Fulham, M
Keywords: Computed tomography
Monte Carlo simulation
Parameter estimation
Physiological model
Quantitative analysis
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Source: Computer methods and programs in biomedicine, 2008, v. 89, no. 2, p. 102-111 How to cite?
Journal: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 
Abstract: Functional imaging with PET and SPECT is capable of visualizing subtle changes in physiological function in vivo, which aids in the early diagnosis of disease. Quantitative functional parameters are usually derived by curve fitting the dynamic data of a functional imaging study. However, the intrinsic high level of noise and low signal to noise ratio can lead to instability in the parameter estimation and give rise to non-physiological parameter estimates. Clustering techniques have been applied to improve signal to noise ratio and the reliability of parametric image generation, but these may enhance partial volume effects (PVE) and result in biased estimates for small structures. Therefore, a systematic study was performed using computer simulations of SPECT data and the generalized linear least square algorithm (GLLS) to evaluate the ability of three proposed enhanced methods and a clustering-aided method to improve the reliability of parametric image generation. The results demonstrate that clustering with sufficient cluster numbers ameliorated PVE and provided noise-insensitive parameter estimates. The enhanced GLLS method with a prior volume of distribution and bootstrap Monte Carlo resampling improved the reliability of the curve fitting, and is thus suitable for application to noisy SPECT data.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29997
DOI: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2007.03.011
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