Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29808
Title: Analysis of carbon isotopes in airborne carbonate and implications for aeolian sources
Authors: Cao, J
Wang, Y
Zhang, X
Lee, S 
Ho, K
Cao, Y
Li, Y
Keywords: Aerosol
Carbon isotopes
Carbonate
Dust provenance
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: 科学出版社
Source: 科学通报 (Chinese science bulletin), 2004, v. 49, no. 15, p. 1637-1641 How to cite?
Journal: 科学通报 (Chinese science bulletin) 
Abstract: Methods were developed to determine the mass ratios of carbon isotopes in trace amounts of aerosol carbonate. A Finnigan MAT 252 mass spectrometer fitted with an on-line Kiel device was to determine the 13C/12C ratio in CO2 produced from the carbonate. A study using these methods was conducted to characterize the carbonate carbon isotopes in aerosol samples collected in Xi'an on dusty and normal days during March and April 2002. Results of the study demonstrate that insights into the origin of the dust can be deduced from its isotopic composition. That is, the δ13C of carbonate for dust storm samples ranged from -1.4‰ to -4.2‰, and this is consistent with sandy materials in dust source regions upwind. In contrast, for non-dusty days δ13C ranged from -7.5% to -9.3‰, which is more similar to fine particles emitted from local surface soils. Comparisons of dust storm aerosols with surface soils from source regions and with aerosol samples collected downwind indicate that the δ 13C values did not change appreciably during long-range transport. Therefore, carbon isotopes have the potential for distinguishing among source materials, and this approach provides a powerful new tool for identifying dust provenance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29808
ISSN: 0023-074X
DOI: 10.1360/03wd0375
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