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Title: Testing factorial invariance across groups : an illustration using AMOS
Authors: Yu, L 
Shek, DTL 
Keywords: AMOS
Confirmatory factor analysis
Factorial invariance
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Source: International journal on disability and human development, 2014, v. 13, no. 2, p. 205-216 How to cite?
Journal: International journal on disability and human development 
Abstract: One pre-condition to use scale or subscale scores of an instrument to compare different groups on a specific construct is the establishment of factorial invariance (i.e., factor structure is the same across groups). Despite its importance, testing for factorial invariance across groups has been rarely conducted in human development research. In this paper, we describe the importance of conducting factorial invariance tests as well as the related basic theoretical and methodological issues. We then illustrate the process of testing factorial invariance across independent groups using AMOS 17.0. In the demonstration, we examine the factorial invariance of a subjective outcome evaluation form (Form B), designed to be a three-factor structure, in three groups of potential program implementers in Hong Kong (n=2007). As evidenced by the multigroup factorial invariance found in this study, the three-factor model of Form B was cross-validated across different groups of program implementers.
ISSN: 2191-1231
EISSN: 2191-0367
DOI: 10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0306
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