Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29576
Title: The propagation of sound in narrow street canyons
Authors: Iu, KK
Li, KM
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
Source: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2002, v. 112, no. 2, p. 537-550 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 
Abstract: This paper addresses an important problem of predicting sound propagation in narrow street canyons with width less than 10 m, which are commonly found in a built-up urban district. Major noise sources are, for example, air conditioners installed on building facades and powered mechanical equipment for repair and construction work. Interference effects due to multiple reflections from building facades and ground surfaces are important contributions in these complex environments. Although the studies of sound transmission in urban areas can be traced back to as early as the 1960s, the resulting mathematical and numerical models are still unable to predict sound fields accurately in city streets. This is understandable because sound propagation in city streets involves many intriguing phenomena such as reflections and scattering at the building facades, diffusion effects due to recessions and protrusions of building surfaces, geometric spreading, and atmospheric absorption. This paper describes the development of a numerical model for the prediction of sound fields in city streets. To simplify the problem, a typical city street is represented by two parallel reflecting walls and a flat impedance ground. The numerical model is based on a simple ray theory that takes account of multiple reflections from the building facades. The sound fields due to the point source and its images are summed coherently such that mutual interference effects between contributing rays can be included in the analysis. Indoor experiments are conducted in an anechoic chamber. Experimental data are compared with theoretical predictions to establish the validity and usefulness of this simple model. Outdoor experimental measurements have also been conducted to further validate the model.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29576
ISSN: 0001-4966
EISSN: 1520-8524
DOI: 10.1121/1.1492821
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