Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29556
Title: An operational and institutional perspective on total quality management
Authors: Yeung, ACL 
Cheng, TCE 
Lai, KH 
Keywords: Empirical research
Institutional perspective
Organizational performance
Total Quality Management
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Production and operations management, 2006, v. 15, no. 1, p. 156-170 How to cite?
Journal: Production and operations management 
Abstract: Although Total Quality Management (TQM) is widely touted as a management paradigm that will enable firms to gain a competitive advantage, many practitioners report that TQM programs fail to live up to their expectations. There is an on-going debate over the effectiveness of TQM in the literature. This study investigates a number of controversial benefits of TQM. We seek to determine if TQM is generally beneficial to the firms that adopt it, and if these firms gain operational efficiency over time and secure institutional values. We also attempt to discern if advanced TQM adopters lead to different management paradigms, as proponents of TQM claim, or if both TQM and non-TQM firms can be equally successful. Based on a study of 225 TQM and non-TQM electronics manufacturing firms in Hong Kong, we find that the adoption of TQM correlates with significant advances in performance measures. However, unlike other organizational innovations, the implementation of TQM in industry does not follow a social perspective in institutional theory that there seems to be no legitimacy effect. A comparison of advanced TQM firms and leading non-TQM firms reveals that they do not differ in their organizational performances. No distinctive TQM paradigms are found, implying equifinality in quality management.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29556
ISSN: 1059-1478
EISSN: 1937-5956
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