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Title: Experimental investigation on the performance, gaseous and particulate emissions of a methanol fumigated diesel engine
Authors: Cheng, CH
Cheung, CS 
Chan, TL 
Lee, SC 
Yao, CD
Keywords: Diesel engine
Gaseous emissions
Particle size distribution
Particulate mass
Ultra-low sulfur diesel
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Science of the total environment, 2008, v. 389, no. 1, p. 115-124 How to cite?
Journal: Science of the total environment 
Abstract: Experiments were conducted on a 4-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine with fumigation methanol injected into the air intake of each cylinder. The fumigation methanol was injected to top up 10%, 20% and 30% of the power output under different engine operating conditions. The effects of fumigation methanol on engine performance, gaseous emissions and particulate emission were investigated. The experimental results show that there is a decrease in the brake thermal efficiency when fumigation methanol is applied, except at the highest load of 0.67 MPa. At low loads, the brake thermal efficiency decreases with increase in fumigation methanol; but at high loads, it increases with increase in fumigation methanol. The fumigation method results in a significant increase in hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) emissions. The concentration of nitrogen oxides (NOx) is significantly reduced except at close to full load condition. There is also a reduction in the smoke opacity and the particulate matter (PM) mass concentration. For the submicron particles, the total number of particles decreases at low and medium loads but increases at high loads. In all cases, there is a shift of the particles towards smaller geometrical mean diameter, especially at high loads. The increase in nano-sized particles and the increase in NO2 emission could have serious impact on human health.
ISSN: 0048-9697
EISSN: 1879-1026
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.08.041
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