Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29043
Title: A DDC-based capacity controller of a direct expansion (DX) air conditioning (A/C) unit for simultaneous indoor air temperature and humidity control - Part I : control algorithms and preliminary controllability tests
Authors: Li, Z
Deng, S 
Keywords: Air conditioning
Capacity reduction
Compression system
Design
Experiment
Improvement
Refrigeration system
Regulation
Variable speed
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: International journal of refrigeration, 2007, v. 30, no. 1, p. 113-123 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of refrigeration 
Abstract: For residential buildings located in the subtropics, direct expansion (DX) air conditioning (A/C) units are commonly used. Most DX A/C units are currently equipped with single-speed compressors and supply fans, relying on on-off cycling compressors as a low-cost approach to maintain only indoor air dry-bulb temperature, resulting in either space overcooling or an uncontrolled equilibrium indoor relative humidity (RH) level. With the rapid development of A/C industry, the use of variable-speed compressor and supply fan has become more and more prevalent and practical. This paper, the first part of a two-part series, reports on the development of a novel direct digital control (DDC)-based capacity controller for a DX A/C unit having variable-speed compressor and supply fan to simultaneously control indoor air temperature and RH in a conditioned space served by the DX A/C unit. The controller is the first of its kind as a composite parameter, sensible heat ratio (SHR), is used as a controlled parameter. The core element of the capacity controller, a numerical calculation algorithm (NCA) is firstly presented. This is followed by reporting the results of preliminary controllability tests of the DDC-based capacity controller, which suggested that the controller developed could achieve a reasonable control accuracy, but with room for improvement with respect to control sensitivity. Part II of the two-part series reports on the further development of the controller to improve its control sensitivity, and the results of associated controllability tests.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/29043
ISSN: 0140-7007
EISSN: 1879-2081
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2006.06.007
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