Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/28975
Title: Application of ultrasonic wave to clean the surface of the TiO 2 nanotubes prepared by the electrochemical anodization
Authors: Xu, H
Zhang, Q
Zheng, C
Yan, W
Chu, W 
Keywords: Electrochemical anodization
Microstructure
Surfaces
TiO 2 nanotubes
Ultrasonic wave
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: North-Holland
Source: Applied surface science, 2011, v. 257, no. 20, p. 8478-8480 How to cite?
Journal: Applied surface science 
Abstract: In this study, the TiO 2 nanotubes were fabricated by electrochemical anodization in a NH 4F/Na 2SO 4/PEG400/H 2O electrolyte system. Ultrasonic wave (80 W, 40 kHz) was used to clean the surface of TiO 2 nanotube arrays in the medium of water after the completion of the anodization. Surface morphology (FESEM) and X-ray diffraction spectrum of the nanotubes treated by sonication at 0 min, 9 min, 40 min and 60 min were compared. The experimental results showed that the precipitate on the surface of the nanotube arrays could be removed by the ultrasonic wave. The treating time had an influence on the precipitate removal and 9 min (corresponding to 12 Wh) is the suitable time for surface cleaning of the TiO 2 nanotubes on this experimental condition.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/28975
ISSN: 0169-4332
EISSN: 1873-5584
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.04.135
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