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Title: Post pressure response of skin blood flowmotions in anesthetized rats with spinal cord injury
Authors: Li, Z
Tam, EWC 
Lau, RYC
So, KF
Wu, W
Mak, AFT
Issue Date: 2009
Source: Microvascular research, 2009, v. 78, no. 1, p. 20-24
Abstract: Pressure ulcer is a common complication developed in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) when prolonged unrelieved pressure was applied to the body/skin and underlying tissues. The objective of this study is to assess the hyperemic response of the skin blood flowmotions in anesthetized rats with spinal cord injury subjected to prolonged pressure using spectral analysis based on wavelets transform of the periodic oscillations of the cutaneous laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signal. A total of twenty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study, of which 14 were normal rats and the other 14 were spinal cord injured rats with transection of the T1 spinal nerves. External pressure of 13.3 kPa (100 mmHg) was applied to the trochanter area of rats via a specifically designed indentors. The loading duration was 6 h. LDF measurement was monitored for 20 min prior to and after the prescribed compression period. Five frequency intervals were identified (0.01-0.05 Hz, 0.05-0.15 Hz, 0.15-0.4 Hz, 0.4-2 Hz and 2-5 Hz) corresponding to endothelial related metabolic, neurogenic, myogenic, respiratory and cardiac origins. The absolute amplitude of oscillations of each particular frequency interval and the normalized amplitude were calculated for quantitative assessments. Comparisons of hyperemic response were performed between SCI rats and normal ones. The results showed that the normalized amplitude in the frequency interval II (0.05-0.15 Hz) was significantly lower on SCI rats than that in normal ones (p < 0.01). Also, decreased reactive hyperemic response was observed in rats suffered from spinal cord injury.
Keywords: Flowmotion
Pressure ulcer
Spectral analysis
Spinal cord injury
Wavelet transform
Publisher: Academic Press
Journal: Microvascular research 
ISSN: 0026-2862
EISSN: 1095-9319
DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2008.09.013
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