Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/28416
Title: Amoebicidal effects of contact lens disinfecting solutions
Authors: Boost, MV
Shi, GS
Lai, S
Cho, P 
Keywords: Acanthamoeba
Disinfectant capacity
Multipurpose solution
Viability
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Source: Optometry and vision science, 2012, v. 89, no. 1, p. 44-51 How to cite?
Journal: Optometry and vision science 
Abstract: PURPOSE.: To compare the traditional manual hemacytometer method and an automated counter (Vi-cell) to enumerate and distinguish between viable and non-viable amoeba, and to determine the efficacies of contact lens (CL) disinfecting solutions against three species of Acanthamoeba. The efficacies in the presence of a bacterial food source and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated. METHODS.: Four brands of multipurpose solutions and a hydrogen peroxide disinfecting system (Oxysept) for soft CLs, and four disinfecting solutions for Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) lenses were tested against three species of Acanthamoeba. Page's amoebic saline was included as a negative control and standard solutions of disinfecting agents, 6% hydrogen peroxide and 0.5% chlorhexidine, as positive controls. The effects of the presence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and BSA on effectiveness were assessed. RESULTS.: None of the CL solutions tested achieved a 1-log reduction in viability of all three Acanthamoeba species within the manufacturer's recommended disinfection times. The presence of P. aeruginosa did not significantly affect disinfecting capacity of multipurpose solution solutions but reduced activity of RGP solutions and the hydrogen peroxide system. BSA reduced trophozoicidal activity of all solutions. Bland and Altman analysis showed good agreement between Vi-cell and hemacytometer. CONCLUSIONS.: The Vi-Cell analyzer offers a simple and effective method of determining amoebicidal activity. Our results show that the CL solutions tested could not satisfactorily kill Acanthamoeba.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/28416
ISSN: 1040-5488
EISSN: 1538-9235
DOI: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e31823ac85e
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