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Title: Modelling contractors' mark-up behaviour in different construction markets
Authors: Oo, BL
Drew, D
Lo, H
Keywords: Construction industry
Hong Kong
Mathematical modelling
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Source: Engineering, construction and architectural management, 2007, v. 14, no. 5, p. 447-462 How to cite?
Journal: Engineering, construction and architectural management 
Abstract: Purpose - In order to compete successfully, international contractors need to have an understanding not only of the make-up of the different competitive environments within each country, but also of contractors' competitive behaviour within those environments. Contractors' mark-up decision making in public sector contracting is directly compared in two construction markets - Hong Kong and Singapore. Design/methodology/approach - Regression analysis is used to compare the lowest percentage mark-up in both markets against four mark-up decision factors that fall into two groups - market-environment factors (i.e. number of bidders, market conditions) and project-specific factors (i.e. type and size of project). Data were gathered using a designed bidding experiment. Findings - In line with de Neufville et al.'s "good year-bad year" study, the effect of market conditions was found to be independent of the number of bidders in both markets; contractors' mark-up decreases as the number of bidders increases, with lower mark-up in recession. In addition, this study provides evidence that contractors' mark-up behaviour varies in different markets: Hong Kong contractors' mark-up behaviour is more straightforward, in that only the market-environment factors are significant. However, Singapore contractors' mark-up behaviour is affected by project type in addition to the market-environment factors. Project size was not found to be significant in either market. Originality/value - The empirical findings provide a valuable insight into contractors' mark-up behaviour, especially those contractors intending to bid for jobs in these two internationally renowned construction markets.
ISSN: 0969-9988
EISSN: 1365-232X
DOI: 10.1108/09699980710780755
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