Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/28100
Title: Characterization of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in cleaning reagents and air fresheners in Hong Kong
Authors: Huang, Y
Ho, SSH
Ho, KF
Lee, SC 
Gao, Y
Cheng, Y
Chan, CS
Keywords: Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs)
Chemical compositions
Cleaning products and air fresheners
Solid phase microextraction (SPME)
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Atmospheric environment, 2011, v. 45, no. 34, p. 6191-6196 How to cite?
Journal: Atmospheric environment 
Abstract: Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) emitted from cleaning products and air fresheners indoors are prone to oxidation resulting in the formation of secondary pollutants that can pose health risks on residents. In this study, a solid phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS) method was applied for the determination of BVOCs compositions in three categories of cleaning products including floor cleaners (FC), kitchen cleaners (KC) and dishwashing detergents (DD), and also air fresheners (AF). The analysis results demonstrated that chemical composition and concentration of individual BVOC varied broadly with household products in the view of their different functions and scents as indicated on the labels. The concentration of total BVOCs for sample FC1 was the highest up to 4146.0 μg g-1, followed by FC2 of 264.6 μg g-1, FC4 of 249.3 μg g-1 and FC3 of 139.2 μg g-1. d-limonene was the most abundant detected BVOCs in KC samples with the chemical composition varying from 19.6 ± 1.0 to 1513.0 ± 37.1 μg g-1. For dishwashing detergents, only d-limonene was detected and quantified. The BVOCs compositions of air freshener samples are much more complicated. It was estimated that the consumption of floor cleaners contributed 51% of the total BVOCs amount indoors in Hong Kong, followed by air fresheners 42%, kitchen cleaners 5% and dishwashing detergents 2%.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/28100
ISSN: 1352-2310
EISSN: 1873-2844
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.08.012
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