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Title: Carbon and eco-footprints of adult incontinence products
Authors: Muthu, SS
Ng, FSF 
Li, Y 
Hui, PCL 
Guo, Y
Keywords: Landfill
Life cycle assessment
Life cycle inventory
Reusable, Disposable
Super absorbent polymer
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Springer
Source: Fibers and polymers, 2013, v. 14, no. 10, p. 1776-1781 How to cite?
Journal: Fibers and polymers 
Abstract: This research article discusses the modelling and simulation results of carbon and eco-footprints of adult incontinence products. Four types of products are considered in this study: two types of diapers-commercial and new diapers and two types of pants-commercial and new type of pants. New types of diapers and pants were developed by our research team in the Institute of Textiles & Clothing of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Carbon and eco-footprints were modeled by using IPCC 2001 method (100 Years) and ecological footprint method (taken from Ecoinvent 2.0) of SIMAPRO 7.3.2 version of LCA software. Datasets from Ecoinvent database inbuilt with SIMAPRO software were used to build the life cycle scenarios. Life cycle scenarios of four types of incontinence products were built for the entire life cycle of products from cradle to grave stages. In this research study, the contribution analysis (hot-spots in the life cycle stages) of carbon and eco-footprints of each type of product under consideration are highlighted. From the modeling and simulation results, it was noticed that the new reusable pants created the lowest carbon and eco-footprints compared to its counterparts. New type of diaper created slightly higher carbon and eco-footprints compared to the commercial diaper type. From the process contribution analysis, it was found that the production and disposal of SAP, generation of electricity for polypropylene, production processes of cotton were the contributors of major impacts in the order of hierarchy. From this detailed LCA study, it was understood that if the new type of reusable pants will be used without disposable inserts, it can bring carbon and eco-footprints significantly down.
ISSN: 1229-9197
EISSN: 1875-0052
DOI: 10.1007/s12221-013-1776-x
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