Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27968
Title: Fabric handle of plasma-treated cotton fabrics with flame-retardant finishing catalyzed by titanium dioxide
Authors: Kan, CW 
Lam, YL
Yuen, CW
Keywords: Flame-retardant
Low stress mechanical properties
Plasma pre-treatment
Titanium dioxide
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Green processing and synthesis, 2012, v. 1, no. 2, p. 195-204 How to cite?
Journal: Green processing and synthesis 
Abstract: N-methylol dimethylphosphonopropionamide flame retardant agent (FR) combined with a melamine resin crosslinking agent (CL) and a catalyst (phosphoric acid, PA) is used for enhancing the flame-retardant property of cotton fabrics. Titanium dioxide (TiO2)/nano-TiO2 co-catalyst is added to the FR formulation in order to enhance the crosslinking of the FR-CL-PA components. Atmospheric pressure plasma jet is used as a pre-treatment, to enhance the fabric properties by a sputtering or etching effect. The Kawabata Evaluation System for Fabrics (KES-F) was used to determine the tensile, shearing, bending, compressional and surface properties. In comparison, with the control fabric the specimens after FR treatment had worse tensile, bending, compression, surface friction and variation properties; an improvement was observed only in the shearing properties. With the aid of plasma pre-treatment, tensile and compressional properties of the FR-treated specimens were improved, while the shearing and bending, as well as the surface friction and variation properties, were affected negatively. A neutralization process could neutralize excessive acids and remove both the unfixed chemicals on the treated fabric surfaces, and the unattached metal oxide particles as well. The process improved the fabric handle in some aspects, such as tensile energy, extensibility, shear stiffness, bending rigidity, bending moment, compressional linearity, compressional energy and coefficient of friction.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27968
ISSN: 2191-9550
DOI: 10.1515/gps-2011-0018
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Access
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

2
Last Week
0
Last month
Citations as of Sep 17, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

2
Last Week
0
Last month
0
Citations as of Sep 16, 2017

Page view(s)

41
Last Week
1
Last month
Checked on Sep 18, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.