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Title: Nonlinear interaction of soil-pile in horizontal vibration
Authors: Chau, KT 
Yang, X
Keywords: Damping
Earthquake loads
Soil dynamics
Soil resistance
Soil-pile interaction
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Source: Journal of engineering mechanics, 2005, v. 131, no. 8, p. 847-858 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of engineering mechanics 
Abstract: This paper presents a new model for analyzing a nonlinear soil-pile interaction subject to horizontal shaking of a vertical circular pile embedded in a soil layer of finite thickness. The pile rests on bedrock with either a pinned or a clamped support. The soil mass is assumed composing of a "semi-nonlinear" inner soil zone around the pile and a linear viscoelastic soil zone outside the inner zone. When the inner soil behaves linearly, the present solutions are identical to those obtained by Nogami and Novak in 1977. Numerical results show that soil resistance of less slender piles developed against the vibration is larger than that of more slender piles. Soil resistance depends more strongly on the size of the nonlinear inner zone when the pile is vibrating at a frequency higher than the natural frequency of the soil. Soil nonlinearity, in general, results in a smaller damping and stiffness of the soil-pile system, except at high frequency. At higher vibration frequency, the situation can be very complicated. The exact value of the dynamic stiffness of the soil-pile system depends on elastic shear wave speed, soil nonlinearity, vibration frequency, slenderness ratio of the pile, magnitude of vibration, and tip conditions of the pile. Generally speaking, the dynamic stiffness is smaller than the static stiffness. The normalized dynamic stiffness for pile with a pinned tip is, in general, larger than that with a clamped tip, while the reverse is true for the damping.
ISSN: 0733-9399
EISSN: 1943-7889
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(2005)131:8(847)
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