Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27701
Title: Effects of BaO on the structure and electrical properties of 0.95K 0.5Na0.5(Nb0.94Sb0.06)O 3-0.05LiTaO3 lead-free ceramics
Authors: Lin, D
Kwok, KW 
Chan, HLW 
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Source: Journal of physics. D, Applied physics, 2007, v. 40, no. 21, p. 6778-6783 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of physics. D, Applied physics 
Abstract: Lead-free ceramics 0.95K0.5Na0.5(Nb 0.94Sb0.06)O3-0.05 LiTaO3 + xmol%BaO (0 ≤ x ≤ 3.00) have been fabricated by an ordinary sintering technique. The results of x-ray diffraction show that the ceramic with a perovskite structure changes from tetragonal phase to pseudocubic phase by increasing the doping level of Ba, and the ceramics with 1.00 < x < 1.50 contain both the tetragonal and the pseudocubic phases at room temperature. After the doping with Ba, the grain growth is inhibited, the ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition temperature (Tc) is decreased, and a diffuse phase transition is induced. The ferroelectric properties (Pr and E c) show a slight decrease with increasing x up to 1.25, and then become weakened significantly. Because of the coexistence of the tetragonal and pseudocubic phases, the piezoelectric and dielectric properties of the ceramics with 1.00 < x < 1.50 are enhanced significantly. The ceramic with x = 1.25 exhibits the optimum properties: d33 = 261 pC N-1, k P = 0.52, kt = 0.46, εr = 1503, tan δ = 2.5% and Tc = 314 °C. Our results have also demonstrated that the ceramics are non-deliquescent.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27701
ISSN: 0022-3727
EISSN: 1361-6463
DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/40/21/043
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