Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27655
Title: Sidereal filtering based on single differences for mitigating GPS multipath effects on short baselines
Authors: Zhong, P
Ding, X 
Yuan, L
Xu, Y 
Kwok, K
Chen, Y 
Keywords: Double differences
GPS
Multipath effects
Short baseline
Sidereal filtering
Single differences
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Springer
Source: Journal of geodesy, 2010, v. 84, no. 2, p. 145-158 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of geodesy 
Abstract: Carrier-phase multipath effects are one of the most significant error sources in precise Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning applications. A new sidereal filtering algorithm based on single differences is developed to mitigate multipath effects for short-baseline high-rate GPS applications such as structural deformation monitoring. This method differs from traditional sidereal filtering in that our method operates on the single differences rather than the coordinates or double differences. A multipath model for the single differences on the reference day is established for each satellite and is used to remove multipath errors from observations of subsequent days by taking advantage of the sidereal repeatability of multipath signals. Using both simulated and real GPS observations, we demonstrate that this method is insensitive to different weighting strategies used in computing single differences from double differences. Applying the proposed method can reduce the root mean square (RMS) of positioning noises by 82% on average. Compared to sidereal filtering (in either coordinate or double differences domain) and aspect repeat time adjustment, this method can further reduce the RMS values by 13 and 7%, respectively. Wavelet spectra have shown that the proposed method is more effective in mitigating multipath errors of both long and short periods. This method is also more advantageous in that it is applicable when different GPS satellites are observed on different days.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27655
ISSN: 0949-7714
EISSN: 1432-1394
DOI: 10.1007/s00190-009-0352-z
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