Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27577
Title: On event space and rank equivalence between probabilistic retrieval models
Authors: Luk, RWP 
Keywords: Event space
Information retrieval
Probabilistic models
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Springer
Source: Information retrieval, 2008, v. 11, no. 6, p. 539-561 How to cite?
Journal: Information Retrieval 
Abstract: This paper discusses various issues about the rank equivalence of Lafferty and Zhai between the log-odds ratio and the query likelihood of probabilistic retrieval models. It highlights that Robertson's concerns about this equivalence may arise when multiple probability distributions are assumed to be uniformly distributed, after assuming that the marginal probability logically follows from Kolmogorov's probability axioms. It also clarifies that there are two types of rank equivalence relations between probabilistic models, namely strict and weak rank equivalence. This paper focuses on the strict rank equivalence which requires the event spaces of the participating probabilistic models to be identical. It is possible that two probabilistic models are strict rank equivalent when they use different probability estimation methods. This paper shows that the query likelihood, p(q|d, r), is strict rank equivalent to p(q|d) of the language model of Ponte and Croft by applying assumptions 1 and 2 of Lafferty and Zhai. In addition, some statistical component language model may be strict rank equivalent to the log-odds ratio, and that some statistical component model using the log-odds ratio may be strict rank equivalent to the query likelihood. Finally, we suggest adding a random variable for the user information need to the probabilistic retrieval models for clarification when these models deal with multiple requests.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27577
DOI: 10.1007/s10791-008-9062-z
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