Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27521
Title: Pozzolanic properties of reject fly ash in blended cement pastes
Authors: Poon, CS 
Qiao, XC
Lin, ZS
Keywords: Chemical activator
Hydration degree
PFA
R-FA
Reject fly ash
Strength development
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Cement and concrete research, 2003, v. 33, no. 11, p. 1857-1865 How to cite?
Journal: Cement and concrete research 
Abstract: Low-grade fly ash (reject fly ash, r-FA), a significant portion of the pulverized fuel ash (PFA) produced from coal-fired power plants and rejected from the ash classifying process, has remained unused due to its high carbon content and large particle size. But it may be used in certain areas, such as in solidification and stabilization processes of hazardous waste and materials for road base or subbase construction, which require relatively lower strength and reactivity. It is therefore necessary to extend research on the properties of r-FA and explore its possible applications. This paper presents experimental results of a study on the mechanical and hydration properties of cementitious materials prepared by blending r-FA with ordinary Portland cement (OPC). Parallel mixes were also prepared with the good ash [i.e., classified fine fly ash (f-FA)] for comparison. Selective chemical activators were added to the mix to study the effects of the activators on the properties of the blend system. The results show that r-FA generally has a lower rate of hydration than f-FA particularly at the early stage of hydration. Adding Ca(OH)2 alone almost had no effect on accelerating the hydration of r-FA. But adding a small quantity of Na2SO4 or K2SO4 together with Ca(OH)2 significantly accelerated the hydration reaction. The results of the compressive strength measurement correlated nicely with the degree of hydration results. It was also found that water-to-binder ratio (w/b) was an important factor in affecting the strength development and the hydration degree of r-FA pastes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27521
ISSN: 0008-8846
EISSN: 1873-3948
DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00213-8
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