Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27255
Title: Porous nanostructured poly-l-lactide scaffolds prepared by phase inversion using supercritical CO2 as a nonsolvent in the presence of ammonium bicarbonate particles
Authors: Deng, A
Chen, A
Wang, S
Li, Y 
Liu, Y
Cheng, X
Zhao, Z
Lin, D
Keywords: Ammonium bicarbonate
Phase inversion
Scaffolds
Supercritical fluids
Tissue engineering
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
Source: Journal of supercritical fluids, 2013, v. 77, p. 110-116 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Supercritical Fluids 
Abstract: Supercritical fluid technology has been utilized in the development of tissue engineering scaffolds. However, it results in some problems, such as the poorly interconnected pores and the inability to load growth factor due to the salt leaching process for removal of the solid porogen. In this study, ammonium bicarbonate (AB) particles were used as a porogen and mixed uniformly with poly-l-lactide (PLLA) solution. Supercritical CO2 was used to immerse and flush through the resulting compound to allow the occurrence of phase inversion, subsequently generating a nanofibrous network. As the decomposition temperature of AB crystals is 36 °C, the temperature of the CO2 was increased to 40 °C to decompose the porogen, and the decomposition products were removed by washing with CO2. The resulting PLLA scaffolds possessed both large pores and micro pores with a controllable pore size, a high porosity (>95%), an interconnected structure, a nanofibrous network, good mechanical properties (compressive strength up to 100 kPa), and a very low organic solvent residue (12 ppm). The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements indicated that the molecular structure and physical state of PLLA were not changed after supercritical processing. The results reveal that the application of AB particles as a porogen in the supercritical phase inversion process is feasible to produce tissue engineering scaffolds with a high-performance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27255
ISSN: 0896-8446
DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2013.02.020
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