Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27170
Title: A novel kernel-based framework for facial-image hallucination
Authors: Hu, Y
Lam, KM 
Shen, T
Wang, W
Keywords: Eigentransformation
Face hallucination
Image super-resolution
Kernel method
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
Source: Image and vision computing, 2011, v. 29, no. 4, p. 219-229 How to cite?
Journal: Image and Vision Computing 
Abstract: In this paper, we present a kernel-based eigentransformation framework to hallucinate the high-resolution (HR) facial image of a low-resolution (LR) input. The eigentransformation method is a linear subspace approach, which represents an image as a linear combination of training samples. Consequently, those novel facial appearances not included in the training samples cannot be super-resolved properly. To solve this problem, we devise a kernel-based extension of the eigentransformation method, which takes higher-order statistics of the image data into account. To generate HR face images with higher fidelity, the HR face image reconstructed using this kernel-based eigentransformation method is treated as an initial estimation of the target HR face. The corresponding high-frequency components of this estimation are extracted to form a prior in the maximum a posteriori (MAP) formulation of the SR problem so as to derive the final reconstruction result. We have evaluated our proposed method using different kernels and configurations, and have compared these performances with some current SR algorithms. Experimental results show that our kernel-based framework, along with a proper kernel, can produce good HR facial images in terms of both visual quality and reconstruction errors.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27170
ISSN: 0262-8856
DOI: 10.1016/j.imavis.2010.10.001
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