Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27047
Title: Biomechanical evaluation of heel elevation on load transfer - Experimental measurement and finite element analysis
Authors: Luximon, Y 
Luximon, A 
Yu, J
Zhang, M 
Keywords: Heel elevation
Numerical foot model
Plantar pressure
Weight bearing
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Acta mechanica sinica/lixue xuebao, 2012, v. 28, no. 1, p. 232-240 How to cite?
Journal: Acta Mechanica Sinica/Lixue Xuebao 
Abstract: In spite of ill-effects of high heel shoes, they are widely used for women. Hence, it is essential to understand the load transfer biomechanics in order to design better fit and comfortable shoes. In this study, both experimental measurement and finite element analysis were used to evaluate the biomechanical effects of heel height on foot load transfer. A controlled experiment was conducted using custom-designed platforms. Under different weight-bearing conditions, peak plantar pressure, contact area and center of pressure were analyzed. A three-dimensional finite element foot model was used to simulate the high-heel support and to predict the internal stress distributions and deformations for different heel heights. Results from both experiment and model indicated that heel elevations had significant effects on all variables. When heel elevation increased, the center of pressure shifted from the midfoot region to the forefoot region, the contact area was reduced by 26% from 0 to 10.2 cm heel and the internal stress of foot bones increased. Prediction results also showed that the strain and total tension force of plantar fascia was minimum at 5.1 cm heel condition. This study helps to better understand the biomechanical behavior of foot, and to provide better suggestions for design parameters of high heeled shoes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27047
ISSN: 0567-7718
DOI: 10.1007/s10409-012-0015-9
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