Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27003
Title: Three-dimensional vorticity in a turbulent cylinder wake
Authors: Zhou, T
Zhou, Y
Yiu, MW
Chua, LP
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Source: Experiments in fluids, 2003, v. 35, no. 5, p. 459-471 How to cite?
Journal: Experiments in Fluids 
Abstract: The three components of the vorticity vector in the intermediate region of a turbulent cylinder wake were measured simultaneously using a multi-hot-wire probe. This probe has an improved spatial resolution compared with those reported in the literature. The behavior of the instantaneous velocity and vorticity signals is examined. Both coherent and incoherent vorticity fields are investigated using a phase-averaged technique. The iso-contours of the phase-averaged longitudinal and lateral vorticity variances, 〈 x 2〉 and 〉y 2〉, wrap around the spanwise structures of opposite sign and run through the saddle point along the diverging separatrix. The observation conforms to the previous reports of the occurrence of the longitudinal structures based on flow visualizations and numerical simulations. The magnitude of these contours is about the same as that of the maximum coherent spanwise vorticity at the vortex center, indicating that the strength of the longitudinal structures is comparable to that of the spanwise vortices. Furthermore, 〈 x 2〉 and 〈y 2〉 exhibit maximum concentration away from the vortex center, probably because of a combined effect of the large-scale spanwise vortices and the intermediate-scale longitudinal structures. Coherent structures contribute about 36% to the spanwise vorticity variance at x/d=10. The contribution decreases rapidly to about 5% at x/d=40. The present results suggest that vorticity largely reside in relatively small-scale structures.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27003
ISSN: 0723-4864
DOI: 10.1007/s00348-003-0700-3
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