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Title: Slow oscillation in non-lemniscal auditory thalamus
Authors: He, J
Keywords: Corticofugal modulation
Dorsal division of the MGB
Electrical stimulation
In vivo intracellular recording
Medial division of the medial geniculate body
Stimulus-induced oscillation
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Soc Neuroscience
Source: Journal of neuroscience, 2003, v. 23, no. 23, p. 8281-8290 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Neuroscience 
Abstract: In the present study, we investigated the oscillatory behavior of the auditory thalamic neurons through in vivo intracellular and extra-cellular recordings in anesthetized guinea pigs. Repeated acoustic stimulus and cortical electrical stimulation were applied to examine their modulatory effects on the thalamic oscillation. The time course of the spike frequency over each trial was obtained by summing all spikes in the onset period and/or the last time period of 100 or 200 msec in the raster display. Spectral analysis was made on the time course of the spike frequency. A slow-frequency oscillation ranging from 0.03 to 0.25 Hz (mean ± SD, 0.11 ± 0.05 Hz) was found in the medial geniculate body (MGB) together with a second rhythm of 5-10 Hz. The oscillation neurons had a mean auditory response latency of 17.3 ± 0.3 msec, which was significantly longer than that of the non-oscillation neurons in lemniscal MGB (9.0 ± 1.5 msec,p < 0.001, ANOVA) and similar to the non-oscillation neurons in the non-lemniscal MGB (17.6 ± 5.4 msec, p = 0.811). They were located in the non-lemniscal nuclei of the auditory thalamus. Cortical stimulation altered the thalamic oscillation, leading to termination of the oscillation or to acceleration of the rhythm of the oscillation (the average rhythm changed from 0.07 ± 0.03 to O.1 I ± 0.04 Hz, n = 8,p = 0.066, t test). Acoustic stimulation triggered a more regular rhythm in the oscillation neurons. The present results suggest that only the non-lemniscal auditory thalamus is involved in the slow thalamocortical oscillation. The auditory cortex may control the oscillation of the auditory thalamic neurons.
ISSN: 0270-6474
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