Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26795
Title: Volatile organic compounds in roadside environment of Hong Kong
Authors: Ho, KF
Ho, SSH
Lee, SC 
Louie, PKK
Cao, J
Deng, W
Keywords: Chemical profiles
Diesel
Gasoline
LPG
Roadside
Vehicular emissions
Vocs
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Taiwan Assoc Aerosol Res-Taar
Source: Aerosol and air quality research, 2013, v. 13, no. 4, p. 1331-1347 How to cite?
Journal: Aerosol and Air Quality Research 
Abstract: Vehicular exhaust emissions are one of major sources of anthropogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in urban areas of Pearl River Delta Region (PRDR). Six types of vehicle emission (VE)-dominated samples were collected at representative locations in Hong Kong in the winter of 2003. A total of 111 VOC species were quantified in the samples collected. n-Butane (31%) was the most abundant species in liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)-fueled VE-dominated samples, followed by propane (26%) and i-butane (25%). Toluene was the most abundant species in gasoline-fueled VE-dominated samples (16%), comprising about half of the quantified aromatic content. While ethene and ethyne have the greatest abundance in all diesel-fueled VE-dominated VOCs profiles (except at Tuen Mun Bus Depot). VOCs were also quantified at three roadside locations in Hong Kong. And ethene was the most abundant VOCs at roadside locations which accounted for 9.5 to 29% of the total quantified VOCs, except at Hong Kong Polytechnic University roadside monitoring station (PUX). Moreover, several VOCs were clearly in abundances in the roadside samples, namely toluene, ethyne, propane, i-butane, n-butane and i-pentane. Generally, strong and fair correlations were determined from the marker species of fuel vapor (i.e., LPG, gasoline, and diesel), which show significant fuel evaporation from vehicles in roadside environment of Hong Kong. Maximum incremental reactivity (MIR) was also calculated to evaluate the contributions of individual VOCs to ozone (O3) formation potential. The largest contributors to O3 production at Mong Kok roadside station (MKX) and Lok Ma Chau roadside station (LMX) were toluene (17 and 15% of the measured VOC reactivity, respectively), ethene (14 and 17% of the measured VOC reactivity, respectively), and propene (7 and 8% of the measured VOC reactivity, respectively), indicating the important roles of alkenes and aromatics in the ambient O3 formation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26795
ISSN: 1680-8584
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2012.10.0278
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