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Title: Predictors for compliance of standard precautions among nursing students
Authors: Cheung, K 
Chan, CK
Chang, MY
Chu, PH
Fung, WF
Kwan, KC
Lau, NY
Li, WK
Mak, HM
Issue Date: 2015
Source: American journal of infection control, 2015, v. 43, no. 7, p. 729-734
Abstract: Background We aimed to investigate the frequency of standard precautions (SPs) compliance and the factors affecting the compliance among nursing students (NSs). Methods A cross-sectional survey study guided by the health belief model was conducted in 2009. The study questionnaire is valid (content validity index, 0.81) and reliable (Cronbach α range, 0.65-0.94). Results There were 678 questionnaires analyzed, with a response rate of 68.9%. The mean frequency score of SPs compliance was 4.38 ± 0.40 out of 5. Tukey honest significant difference post hoc test indicated that year 2 and year 4 students had better SPs compliance than year 3 students. Further analysis using a univariate general linear model identified an interaction effect of perceived influence of nursing staff and year of study (F1,593 = 3.72; P <.05). The 5 following predictors for SPs compliance were identified: knowledge of SPs, perceived barriers, adequacy of training, management support, and influence of nursing staff. Conclusion Although the SPs compliance among NSs was high, the compliance varied by year of study and was affected by the nursing staff. Furthermore, SPs compliance among NSs can be enhanced by increasing SPs knowledge, providing more SPs training, promoting management support, reducing identified SPs barriers, and improving nursing staff compliance to SPs.
Keywords: Biologic hazards
General linear model
Interaction effects
Nursing students
Standard precautions
Publisher: Mosby
Journal: American journal of infection control 
ISSN: 0196-6553
EISSN: 1527-3296
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2015.03.007
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

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