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Title: Development and evaluation of a pictorial-based analogical problem-solving programme for people with traumatic brain injury
Authors: Man, WK 
Soong, WYL
Tam, SF
Hui-Chan, CWY
Keywords: Analogy
Brain injury
Problem solving
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Brain injury, 2006, v. 20, no. 9, p. 981-990 How to cite?
Journal: Brain injury 
Abstract: Background: People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) must often deal with cognitive problems, including social problem-solving. The study reported herein evaluated the effectiveness of a newly developed pictorial-based analogical problem-solving skills training programme. It is hypothesized that the programme can help people with TBI to learn better problem-solving skills through systematic, theoretically driven learning strategies. Methods: Based on the instrumental enrichment model and the hierarchy of daily problem-solving as suggested by Holloran and Bressler, analogical problem-solving training software was developed. Thirty subjects with TBI then attended a 20-session interactive analogical problem-solving skills training programme. Another 20 subjects with TBI and of similar demographics formed the control group. The outcome measures included session-based quizzes on analogical problem-solving, the Category Test of the Halstead Reitan Test Battery (HRTB) and the Lawton IADL Scale. Findings: The analogical problem-solving training strategies were found to be effective in improving problem-solving skills. The subjects generally demonstrated a selective improvement in their functional and overall problem-solving skills, but not in their basic problem-solving skills. The subjects in the control group showed stable problem-solving skills over a 4-week interval (no statistically significant changes). The findings indicated the therapeutic significance of the training programme. Conclusions: The results of the study suggested that innovative cognitive rehabilitation programmes can be customized to match the needs of clients with TBI. The applicability and implications of the interactive pictorial-based analogical problem-solving skill-training programme that was used in the study and possibilities for future study in this research area are also discussed.
ISSN: 0269-9052
EISSN: 1362-301X
DOI: 10.1080/13561820600909852
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