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Title: Rose-like monodisperse bismuth subcarbonate hierarchical hollow microspheres : one-pot template-free fabrication and excellent visible light photocatalytic activity and photochemical stability for NO removal in indoor air
Authors: Dong, F
Lee, SC 
Wu, Z
Huang, Y
Fu, M
Ho, WK
Zou, S
Wang, B
Keywords: (BiO) 2CO 3
Hollow microsphere
Indoor air
Visible light
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of hazardous materials, 2011, v. 195, p. 346-354 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of hazardous materials 
Abstract: Rose-like monodisperse hierarchical (BiO) 2CO 3 hollow microspheres are fabricated by a one-pot template-free method for the first time based on hydrothermal treatment of ammonia bismuth citrate and urea in water. The microstructure and band structure of the as-prepared (BiO) 2CO 3 superstructure are characterized in detail by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, N 2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The monodisperse hierarchical (BiO) 2CO 3 microspheres are constructed by the self-assembly of single-crystalline nanosheets. The aggregation of nanosheets result in the formation of three dimensional hierarchical framework containing mesopores and macropores, which is favorable for efficient transport of reaction molecules and harvesting of photo-energy. The result reveals the existence of special two-band-gap structure (3.25 and 2.0eV) for (BiO) 2CO 3. The band gap of 3.25eV is intrinsic and the formation of smaller band gap of 2.0eV can be ascribed to the in situ doped nitrogen in lattice. The performance of hierarchical (BiO) 2CO 3 microspheres as efficient photocatalyst are further demonstrated in the removal of NO in indoor air under both visible light and UV irradiation. It is found that the hierarchical (BiO) 2CO 3 microspheres not only exhibit excellent photocatalytic activity but also high photochemical stability during long term photocatalytic reaction. The special microstructure, the high charge separation efficiency due to the inductive effect, and two-band-gap structure in all contribute to the outstanding photocatalytic activities. The discovery of monodisperse hierarchical nitrogen doped (BiO) 2CO 3 hollow structure is significant because of its potential applications in environmental pollution control, solar energy conversion, catalysis and other related areas.
ISSN: 0304-3894
EISSN: 1873-3336
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.08.050
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