Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26256
Title: Both the central and peripheral retina contribute to myopia development in chicks
Authors: Wang, JC
Chun, RKM
Zhou, YY
Zuo, B
Li, KK
Liu, Q
To, CH 
Keywords: Central retina
Chick
Emmetropisation
Form deprivation myopia
Periphery
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Ophthalmic and physiological optics, 2015 How to cite?
Journal: Ophthalmic and physiological optics 
Abstract: Purpose: This study examined the contribution of the central and peripheral retina to the development of form deprivation myopia in chicks. Methods: Chicks were treated for 7 days either with centrally form-deprived (CFD) lenses of 2/4/6/8 mm diameter central diffuse zone, or a full size diffuser lens on their right eyes. The left eyes wore a full field plano lens. Axial dimensions and refractions were measured before and after 4 and 7 days of lens wear. Results: All eyes that had worn CFD lenses of 2/4/6/8 mm had significant changes in refractive errors (from -2.69 ± 0.40 D to -6.13 ± 0.76 D, p < 0.05), vitreous chamber depth (from 0.19 ± 0.04 mm to 0.56 ± 0.04 mm, p < 0.05) and axial length (from 0.42 ± 0.03 mm to 0.96 ± 0.04 mm, p < 0.05) during the experiment, except for the changes in refractive error (-2.81 ± 0.33 D, p = 0.053) and axial length (0.77 ± 0.04 mm, p = 0.050) in the 2 mm lens group after 7 days of lens wear. The myopic shift in the CFD lens wearing eyes was due primarily to an increase in vitreous chamber depth. Linear regression analysis showed that the changes of refractive error, vitreous chamber depth and axial length were positively correlated with the size of central form-deprived retina. Form depriving the central retina produced axial myopia even in the presence of clear peripheral vision. Conclusions: The current study showed that both the central and peripheral retina contributes to myopia development in chicks. The amount of myopia induced increased linearly with the area of retina being form-deprived. It suggests that in terms of decoding optical input for growth, the area of retina being exposed to optical signals may be critical in determining eye growth.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26256
ISSN: 0275-5408
EISSN: 1475-1313
DOI: 10.1111/opo.12239
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