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Title: Use of output specifications in PFI housing projects - how they differ from prescriptive specifications
Authors: Lam, PT 
Chan, APC 
Akintoye, A
Javed, AA
Keywords: Housing
Private finance initiative
Output specifications
Issue Date: 2011
Source: Journal of construction engineering and project management, 2011, v. 1, no. 2, p. 43-48 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management 
Abstract: In many parts of the world, low cost housing used to be built and maintained by the governments, based on designs and detail specifications prepared by the public sector with construction carried out by contractors. Results vary due to differences in design standards, workmanship and property management, depending also on the neighbourhood’s care of the estates and their pattern of usage. In the UK, where Private Finance Initiative (PFI) has been used for infrastructure projects, there have been successful cases of city estate being transformed by PFI. These PFI housing schemes involve new-build, refurbishment as well as facility management. Unlike traditional construction, which is based on prescriptive specifications, PFI housing is based on output specifications. A study has been undertaken to compare the two specification approaches as they are applied to housing estate. Results are enlightening and serve as good reference to cities such as Hong Kong SAR and Singapore, where public housing provisions have been a major concern of their citizens as the building stock gets older.
ISSN: 2233-9582
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

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