Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26227
Title: Electro-caloric behaviors of lead-free Bi 0.5Na 0.5TiO 3-BaTiO 3 ceramics
Authors: Zheng, XC
Zheng, GP 
Lin, Z
Jiang, ZY
Keywords: Electro-caloric effect
Ferroelectrics
Structural phase transformations
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Springer
Source: Journal of electroceramics, 2012, v. 28, no. 1, p. 20-26 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of electroceramics 
Abstract: Electro-caloric (EC) properties of lead-free Ba 0.5Na 0.5TiO 3-xBaTiO 3 (BNT-xBT) ceramics prepared by citrate method are investigated at temperatures of 30-250°C. Based on thermodynamics calculations, BNT-xBT (x00, 0.05, 0.06, 0.1, 0.25, 0.3) are found to show EC effects different with other lead-based or lead-free ferroelectric ceramics, i.e., they absorb heats (refrigeration effect) during the processes of field application while other ferroelectric ceramics show refrigeration effect during the processes of field removal. The EC temperature change of BNT-xBT can be as large as 2.1°C under an electric field of 60 kV/cm, which is larger than most of the lead-free ferroelectric bulk ceramics. When x is close to the morphotropic phase boundary (x∼0.06-0.1), the EC temperature change of BNT-xBT shows a maximum near the ferroelectric to anti-ferroelectric transition temperature, which is characterized by dynamic mechanical analysis. This study suggests that these lead-free ferroelectric materials are promising in the practical application as EC coolers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26227
ISSN: 1385-3449
EISSN: 1573-8663
DOI: 10.1007/s10832-011-9673-4
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