Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26169
Title: Balance and gait training with augmented feedback improves balance confidence in people with parkinson's disease : a randomized controlled trial
Authors: Shen, X
Mak, MKY 
Keywords: Balance confidence
Feedback
Gait
Parkinson's disease
Postural balance
Rehabilitation
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2014, v. 28, no. 6, p. 524-535 How to cite?
Journal: Neurorehabilitation and neural repair 
Abstract: Background. Fear of falling has been identified as an important and independent fall-risk predictor in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there are inconsistent findings on the effects of balance and gait training on balance confidence. Objective. To explore whether balance and gait training with augmented feedback can enhance balance confidence in PD patients immediately after treatment and at 3- and 12-month follow-ups. Methods. A total of 51 PD patients were randomly assigned to a balance and gait training (BAL) group or to an active control (CON) group. The BAL group received balance and gait training with augmented feedback, whereas CON participants received lower-limb strength training for 12 weeks. Outcome measures included Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, limits-of-stability test, single-leg-stance test, and spatiotemporal gait characteristics. All tests were administered before intervention (Pre), immediately after training (Post), and at 3 months (Post3m) and 12 months (Post12m) after treatment completion. Results. The ABC score improved marginally at Post and significantly at Post3m and Post12m only in the BAL group (P < .017). Both participant groups increased their end point excursion at Post, but only the BAL group maintained the improvement at Post3m. The BAL group maintained significantly longer time-to-loss-of-balance during the single-leg stance test than the CON group at Post3m and Post12m (P < .05). For gait characteristics, both participant groups increased gait velocity, but only the BAL group increased stride length at Post, Post3m, and Post 12m (P < .017). Conclusions. Positive findings from this study provide evidence that BAL with augmented feedback could enhance balance confidence and balance and gait performance in patients with PD.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26169
ISSN: 1545-9683
EISSN: 1552-6844
DOI: 10.1177/1545968313517752
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