Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26073
Title: Structure and electrical properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-Bi0.5Li0.5TiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
Authors: Lin, D
Kwok, KW
Chan, HLW 
Keywords: Bismuth sodium titanate
Dielectric properties
Ferroelectric properties
Lead-free ceramics
Piezoelectric properties
Issue Date: 2008
Source: Solid state ionics, 2008, v. 178, no. 37-38, p. 1930-1937 How to cite?
Journal: Solid State Ionics 
Abstract: Lead-free ceramics (1-x-y)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-xBaTiO3-yBi0.5Li0.5TiO3 have been prepared by a conventional ceramic technique, and their structure and electrical properties have been studied. The results of XRD measurement show that Ba2+ and Li+ diffuse into the Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 lattices to form a solid solution with a pure perovskite structure. With x increasing from 0.02 to 0.12, the ceramics transform gradually from rhombohedral phase to tetragonal phase and consequently a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) exists at x = 0.06-0.10, while the concentration of Li+ has no obvious influence on the crystal structure. The substitutions of Ba2+ and (Bi0.5Li0.5)2+ for (Bi0.5Na0.5)2+ in the A-sites of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 lower greatly the coercive field Ec and increase the remanent polarization Pr of the ceramics. Because of the MPB and strong ferroelectricity (lower Ec and large Pr), the piezoelectricity of the ceramics is enhanced significantly. For the ceramics near the MPB (x = 0.06 and y = 0.025-0.10), piezoelectric coefficient d33 = 152-208 pC/N and planar electromechanical coupling factor kP = 30.8-36.8%. The ceramics exhibit relaxor characteristic, which probably results from the cation disordering in the 12-fold coordination sites. The depolarization temperature Td shows a strong dependence on the concentration x of BaTiO3 and reaches the lowest values near the MPB. The temperature dependences of ferroelectric and dielectric properties suggest that the ceramics may contain both the polar and non-polar regions at temperatures above Td.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/26073
ISSN: 0167-2738
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssi.2007.12.096
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