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Title: Momentum and heat transport in a finite-length cylinder wake
Authors: Wang, H
Zhou, Y
Chan, C 
Zhou, T
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Springer
Source: Experiments in Fluids, 2009, v. 46, no. 6, p. 1173-1185 How to cite?
Journal: Experiments in fluids 
Abstract: This paper reports an experimental study of turbulent momentum and heat transport in the wake of a wall-mounted finite-length square cylinder, with its length-to-width ratio L/d = 3-7. The cylinder was slightly heated so that heat produced could be considered as a passive scalar. A moveable three-wire probe (a combination of an X-wire and a cold wire) was used to measure velocity and temperature fluctuations at a Reynolds number of 7,300 based on d and the free-stream velocity. Measurements were performed at 10 and 20d downstream of the cylinder at various spanwise locations. Results indicate that L/d has a pronounced effect on Reynolds stresses, temperature variance and heat fluxes. The downwash flow from the free end of the cylinder acts to suppress spanwise vortices and, along with the upwash flow from the cylinder base, makes the finite-length cylinder wake highly three-dimensional. Reynolds stresses, especially the lateral normal stress, are significantly reduced as a result of suppressed spanwise vortices at a small L/d. The downwash flow acts to separate the two rows of spanwise vortices further apart from the wake centerline, resulting in a twin-peak distribution in temperature variance. While the downwash flow entrains high-speed fluid into the wake, responsible for a small deficit in the time-averaged streamwise velocity near the free end, it does not alter appreciably the distribution of time-averaged temperature. It has been found that the downwash flow gives rise to a counter-gradient transport of momentum about the central region of the wake near the free end of the cylinder, though such a counter-gradient transport does not occur for heat transport.
ISSN: 0723-4864
EISSN: 1432-1114
DOI: 10.1007/s00348-009-0620-y
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