Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25959
Title: Crack growth study of a 3-D surface fracture under compression using strain and acoustic emission measurements
Authors: Wong, RHC
Li, TC
Chau, KT 
Li, SC
Zhu, WS
Issue Date: 2007
Source: Proceedings of the 1st Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium - Rock Mechanics Meeting Society's Challenges and Demands, 2007, v. 1, p. 565-573 How to cite?
Abstract: This paper presents the mechanism of crack growth from a 3-D surface flaw in granite specimens subjected to both uniaxial and biaxial compressions through the use of strain measurement and the acoustic emission (AE) technique. Four types of crack patterns were observed under both compressions: wing cracks, petal cracks (crack growing along the edge of a flaw plan), compressive cracks and anti-wing cracks (crack growing from the same tip of the wing crack but at the opposite side). The anti-wing cracks initiated after the wing cracks initiated, but the growth rate is 4.5 to 10 times faster than that of the wing cracks under both compressions. The strain records indicated that when the anti-wing cracks propagated, the strain values of the wing crack at the other tip of the same flaw reduced. The average released AE energy (energy/event) from the growth of the wing crack is the smallest (600 aJ to 6,478 aJ), but the average released energy from the growth of the compressive cracks is the highest (10 × 103 aJ to 207 × 103 aJ). The crack growth mechanism of a 3-D surface flaw is strongly affected by the ratio of the flaw depth 'd' to specimen thickness 't'. The growth of anti-wing cracks is dominant in all the specimens containing a 3-D surface flaw. Thus, the analysis of anti-wing cracks cannot be ignored in the study of a sliding 3-D surface flaw model.
Description: 1st Canada-US Rock Mechanics Symposium - Rock Mechanics Meeting Society's Challenges and Demands, Vancouver, BC, 27-31 May 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25959
ISBN: 0415444012
9780415444019
DOI: 10.1201/NOE0415444019-c69
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