Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25674
Title: Wind tunnel tests on compartment fires with crossflow ventilation
Authors: Chen, HX
Liu, NA
Chow, WK 
Keywords: Compartment fire
Cross ventilation
Wind
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of wind engineering and industrial aerodynamics, 2011, v. 99, no. 10, p. 1025-1035 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of wind engineering and industrial aerodynamics 
Abstract: When a fire occurs in a room at ground level or a compartment located in the higher floors of a very tall building, the strong ambient wind will play an important role in fire spreading and smoke movement behavior. However, wind effect on compartment fire in cross ventilation condition has not been fully studied so far. In the present study, an effort has been made to study the wind effect on compartment fire in cross ventilation condition through experimental investigations. The experimental fire was generated by 250ml n-heptane on the floor center of a cube enclosure with two opposite vents on the walls. The inside and outside gas temperature profiles at different vertical and horizontal locations were recorded by two thermocouple matrixes. The ambient wind velocity was set to 0, 1.5 and 3ms-1. It is observed that the ambient wind would enhance the fire severity by increasing the compartment fire temperature and reducing the time to flashover. The spilled-out flame/plume would extend horizontally farther with the increase of wind speed. Simple theoretical analysis shows that there is a critical wind velocity, or a dimensional number, to differentiate whether the gas flow across the vents is bidirectional or unidirectional, which is believed to influence enclosure fire behavior greatly.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25674
ISSN: 0167-6105
EISSN: 1872-8197
DOI: 10.1016/j.jweia.2011.07.006
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