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Title: The relationship between creativity and intelligence : a combined yogic-scientific approach
Authors: Horan, R
Issue Date: 2007
Source: Creativity research journal, 2007, v. 19, no. 2-3, p. 179-202 How to cite?
Journal: Creativity Research Journal 
Abstract: Three ancient yogic philosophies, describing the evolution of cognitive-affective phenomena toward the nondual state of yoga, or union, (e.g., dissolution of the subject-object dichotomy) couple with empirical studies to redefine, and expand, existing constructs for, and relationship between, creativity and intelligence. The Ocean Model addresses the integration of novelty, appropriateness, and authenticity in creative endeavor with intelligence: the intrinsic factors being recognition, informational limitation, choice, and selective adaptation to the environment. Creativity and intelligence are described in three increasingly subtle states, crystallized, fluid, and vacuous, which are influenced by the psychological interplay of dispassion (vairāgya) and discrimination (viveka) at variegated levels. It is argued that the key difference between intelligence and creativity lies in the nature of intention: whether limited or, transcendent. A 9-module matrix is developed to map variations in the expanded creativity-intelligence relationship. Suggestions for empirically testing the Ocean Model are further supported by studies of empathy and wisdom. A unique method to test dispassion, involving ambivalent character traits and their relationship to psychological integration, is presented.
ISSN: 1040-0419
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