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Title: Relationship between personal psychological capitals, stress level, and performance in marathon runners
Authors: Sin, ELL
Chow, CN
Cheung, RTH 
Keywords: General self-efficacy
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Hong Kong physiotherapy journal, 2015 How to cite?
Journal: Hong Kong physiotherapy journal 
Abstract: Background: Marathon runners experience different levels of stress from their performance, which may vary across different people. Objectives: This study sought to examine if stress levels could be predicted by running performance and personal psychological capitals, including optimism and self-efficacy levels in marathon finishers. It also determined the contribution of each component in a stress prediction model. Methods: An online questionnaire and comprised validated scales were used to measure runners' performance, perceived stress levels, and personal psychological capitals. Results: A positive correlation between runner performance and perceived stress level (r<inf>s</inf>=0.256, p=0.019) was found, while the personal psychological capitals were negatively correlated to stress levels (rs=-0.580, p<0.001) and (rs=-0.618, p<0.001) respectively. Perceived stress levels were best predicted by personal psychological capitals (£]=-0.322--0.393, p=0.001), but not running performance. Conclusion: Our findings suggested that psychological factors affect stress levels the most, and marathon runners
ISSN: 1013-7025
EISSN: 1876-441X
DOI: 10.1016/j.hkpj.2015.03.002
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