Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25533
Title: Numerical analysis and experimental validation of heat transfer in ground heat exchangers in alternative operation modes
Authors: Cui, P
Yang, H 
Fang, Z
Keywords: Alternative operations
Ground heat exchanger
Numerical heat transfer
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Energy and buildings, 2008, v. 40, no. 6, p. 1060-1066 How to cite?
Journal: Energy and buildings 
Abstract: A finite element numerical model has been developed for the simulation of the ground heat exchangers (GHEs) in alternative operation modes over a short time period for ground-coupled heat pump applications. Comparisons between the numerical and analytical results show that the finite line-source model is not capable of modeling the GHEs within a few hours because of the line-source assumption. On the other hand, the experiments with respect to the alternative cooling and heating modes have been undertaken during a short-time period. The comparisons show a reasonable agreement between the numerical and the measured data. The results illustrate that the finite element numerical model can be used to simulate the heat transfer behavior of the GHEs in short time scales instead of the typical finite line-source model. Finally, the variation of the U-tube pipe wall temperatures demonstrates that the discontinuous operation mode and the alternative cooling/heating modes can effectively alleviate the heat buildup in the surrounding soil.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25533
ISSN: 0378-7788
EISSN: 1872-6178
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2007.10.005
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