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Title: Potential challenges of employing a formal environmental scanning approach in hospitality organizations
Authors: Okumus, F
Keywords: Analysis
Environmental scanning
Hotel management
Schools of thought
Strategic management
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: International journal of hospitality management, 2004, v. 23, no. 2, p. 123-143 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of hospitality management 
Abstract: Most previous studies on environmental scanning (ES) in the field of hospitality management suggest that hospitality organizations establish formal systematic ES procedures and have a freestanding ES unit to identify opportunities and threats in their external environment. However, some serious criticisms have been raised in the field of strategic management against the employment of such a formal and systematic approach to ES. These opposing views have rarely been discussed in the hospitality management literature. The aim of this paper, therefore, is to bring these views to the fore in the process of reviewing previous research into ES, and to discuss the major challenges involved for hospitality organizations in employing such a formal approach to ES. The discussion throughout this paper reveals that ES is essential for every organization; however, it is even more complex and difficult to accomplish than portrayed in most previous studies in the hospitality management field. The paper identifies and discusses major challenges and problems in employing a form ES approach in hospitality organizations. It also provides recommendations about how ES activities can best be carried out in complex and dynamic environments.
ISSN: 0278-4319
EISSN: 1873-4693
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhm.2003.09.002
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