Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25372
Title: Effect of processing conditions on the corrosion performance of laser surface-melted AISI 440C martensic stainless steel
Authors: Kwok, CT
Lo, KH
Cheng, FT
Man, HC 
Keywords: Laser surface melting
Martensic stainless steel
Nd
Pitting corrosion
YAG laser
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Surface and coatings technology, 2003, v. 166, no. 2-3, p. 221-230 How to cite?
Journal: Surface and coatings technology 
Abstract: Laser surface melting of AISI 440C martensitic stainless steel was achieved using a 2.5-kW continuous wave Nd:YAG laser. The pitting corrosion behavior of laser surface-melted specimens processed under different processing conditions in 3.5% NaCl solution at 23 °C was studied by potentiodynamic polarization technique. The corrosion resistance of all laser surface-melted specimens was significantly improved, as evidenced by a shift from active corrosion to passivity, a wide passive range and a low passive current density. The pitting potential of the laser surface-melted specimens P08-440C-25 (laser powers = 0.8 kW, scanning speed = 25 mm/s) and P12-440C-25 (laser power = 1.2 kW, scanning speed = 25 mm/s) was increased to 260 and 200 mV (SCE), respectively, and was much higher than that of the conventionally heat-treated AISI 440C. The pitting corrosion characteristics of the laser surface-melted specimens were strongly dependent on the processing conditions which resulted in different microstructures. The enhanced corrosion resistance was attributed to the dissolution or refinement of carbide particles and the presence of retained austenite. The amount of carbides in the melt layer, which indirectly determine the Cr content in solid solution and hence, the corrosion resistance, was related to the amount of C remaining in solid solution and to decarburization. The pit morphology of the laser surface-melted specimen was also studied.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25372
ISSN: 0257-8972
EISSN: 1879-3347
DOI: 10.1016/S0257-8972(02)00782-X
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