Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25327
Title: Utilizing acid mine drainage sludge and coal fly ash for phosphate removal from dairy wastewater
Authors: Wang, YR
Tsang, DCW 
Olds, WE
Weber, PA
Keywords: Acid mine drainage sludge
Coal fly ash
Lignite
Phosphate adsorption
Waste recycling
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Selper Ltd
Source: Environmental technology, 2013, v. 34, no. 24, p. 3177-3182 How to cite?
Journal: Environmental technology 
Abstract: This study aims to investigate a new and sustainable approach for the reuse of industrial by-products from wastewater treatment. The dairy industry produces huge volumes of wastewater, characterized by high levels of phosphate that can result in eutrophication and degradation of aquatic ecosystems. This study evaluated the application of acid mine drainage (AMD) sludge, coal fly ash, and lignite as low-cost adsorbents for the removal of phosphate from dairy wastewater. Material characterization using X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area analysis revealed significant amounts of crystalline/amorphous Fe/Al/Si/Ca-based minerals and large surface areas of AMD sludge and fly ash. Batch adsorption isotherms were best described using the Freundlich model. The Freundlich distribution coefficients were 13.7 mg0.577 L0.423 g-1 and 16.9 mg0.478 L0.522 g-1 for AMD sludge and fly ash, respectively, and the nonlinearity constants suggested favourable adsorption for column applications. The breakthrough curves of fixed-bed columns, containing greater than 10 wt% of the waste materials (individual or composite blends) mixed with sand, indicated that phosphate breakthrough did not occur within 100 pore volumes while the cumulative removal was 522 and 490 mg kg-1 at 10 wt% AMD sludge and 10 wt% fly ash, respectively. By contrast, lignite exhibited negligible phosphate adsorption, possibly due to small amounts of inorganic minerals suitable for phosphate complexation and limited surface area. The results suggest that both AMD sludge and fly ash were potentially effective adsorbents if employed individually at a ratio of 10 wt% or above for column application.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25327
ISSN: 0959-3330
EISSN: 1479-487X
DOI: 10.1080/09593330.2013.808243
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