Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25234
Title: Preparation and multi-properties of insulated single-phase BiFeO3 ceramics
Authors: Yuan, GL
Or, SW 
Wang, YP
Liu, ZG
Liu, JM
Keywords: Single-phase BiFeO3 multiferroic ceramics
Antiferromagnetism
Electrical resistivity
Ferroelectricity
Piezoelectricity
Porosity
Rapid liquid-phase sintering
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Source: Solid state communications, 2006, v. 138, no. 2, p. 76-81 How to cite?
Journal: Solid State Communications 
Abstract: Six types of BiFeO3 ceramic samples, with subtle differences in synthesis conditions, were prepared. The comparison of their phases, electrical resistivity, and porosity revealed that the use Of Bi2O3 and Fe2O3 powders of < 1 mu m size and a rapid liquid-phase sintering process of 855 degrees C for 5 min at 100 degrees C/s is beneficial to synthesize poreless single-phase BiFeO3 samples with high electrical resistivity of similar to 5 x 10(12) Omega cm. Deoxygenated BixFeyO1.5x+1.5y-delta (x not equal y, delta >= 0) impurities were identified and found to be the main cause of low electrical resistivity and high porosity in the multi-phase samples. Large saturation polarization of 16.6 mu C/cm(2) and low leakage current density of 30 mA/m(2), both at a high electric field of 145 kV/cm, were measured in the optimized single-phase samples at room temperature besides a large piezoelectric d(33) coefficient of 27 pC/N and an obvious canted antiferromagnetic behavior.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25234
ISSN: 0038-1098
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssc.2006.02.005
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