Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/24752
Title: The effect of balconies on ventilation performance of low-rise buildings
Authors: Ai, ZT
Mak, CM 
Niu, JL 
Li, ZR
Zhou, Q
Keywords: Balconies
CFD
Natural ventilation
Low-rise buildings
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Journal: Indoor and built environment 
Abstract: Chand et al. conducted experiments in a low speed wind tunnel to study the effect of balconies on the ventilative force on low-rise buildings without openings. Using their model, this study intends to investigate indoor ventilation performance by examining mass flow rate and average velocity on the working plane using computational fluid dynamics. Simulations were validated against their experiments. The numerical results indicate that, for single-sided ventilation, the provision of balconies increases mass flow rate and reduces average velocity on the working plane in most rooms, but for cross ventilation, this provision has no significant effect under normally or obliquely incident wind conditions. After the addition of balconies, the worst ventilation circumstances on the windward side under single-sided ventilation conditions were found on the intermediate floor. The simulation results also showed that, in many cases, wind flows into and out of the rooms through the left or right side of the opening rather than through the bottom and top of the opening, especially in the case of buildings that are obliquely oriented to the air stream. This phenomenon demonstrates that predictions of single-sided ventilative force using data relating to the bottom and top parts of the opening are not accurate enough.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/24752
ISSN: 1420-326X
EISSN: 1423-0070
DOI: 10.1177/1420326X11409457
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