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Title: Heat transfer and wall pressure characteristics of a twin premixed butane/air flame jets
Authors: Dong, LL
Leung, CW 
Cheung, CS 
Keywords: Butane/air premixed combustion
Heat transfer and wall pressure
Twin impinging flame jets
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: International journal of heat and mass transfer, 2004, v. 47, no. 3, p. 489-500 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of heat and mass transfer 
Abstract: Experimental studies were carried out to investigate the flame shape and the heat transfer and wall pressure characteristics of a pair of laminar premixed butane/air flame jets impinging vertically upon a horizontal water-cooled flat plate at jet Reynolds numbers of 800, 1000 and 1200, respectively. Equivalence ratio of the butane/air mixture was maintained constantly at unity. The flame shape, the pressure distribution on the impingement plate and the heat transfer from the flame to the plate were greatly influenced by the interference occurred between the two flame jets. This interference caused a sharp pressure peak at the between-jet midpoint and the positive pressures at the between-jet area, which led to the separation of the wall jet from the impingement plate after collision. Such interference became more significant when the non-dimensional jet-to-jet spacing (S/d) and the nozzle-to-plate distance (H/d) were reduced. Heat transfer in the interaction zone between the jets was at the lowest rate due to this interference at the smallest S/d ratio of 2.6, resulting from the separation of the high-temperature inner reaction zone of the flame from the impingement plate. On the other hand, the interference enhanced the heat transfer in the interaction zone between the jets when the S/d ratio was greater than 5, by enhancing the heat transfer coefficient. The average heat flux of the impingement plate was found to increase significantly with the increasing H/d ratio until H/d=6. The present study provided detailed information on flame shape and the heat transfer and wall pressure characteristics of a twin laminar pre-mixed impinging circular flame jets, which has rarely been reported in previous studies.
ISSN: 0017-9310
EISSN: 1879-2189
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2003.07.019
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