Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/23971
Title: The assessment of the performance of a windcatcher system using computational fluid dynamics
Authors: Li, L
Mak, CM 
Keywords: Buildings
CFD
Green features
Natural ventilation
Windcatcher
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Building and environment, 2007, v. 42, no. 3, p. 1135-1141 How to cite?
Journal: Building and environment 
Abstract: Natural ventilation is increasingly being used in modern residential buildings to minimize the consumption of non-renewable energy and the reliance on active means for environmental control. Innovative green features such as the windcatcher has made use of natural ventilation in residential buildings for increasing ventilation rate. This paper presents a numerical study of assessment of the performance of windcatcher using computational fluid dynamics. A 500 mm square windcatcher system connected to the room has been modeled for different wind speeds in the range of 0.5-6 m/s and four different wind directions. The numerical results generally agree with the published experimental results of a wind tunnel experiment. The numerical results demonstrate that the windcatcher performance is greatly influenced by the external wind speed and direction with respect to the windcatcher quadrants. In all cases studied, the maximum velocity of air entering the room is close to the external wind speed and the windcatcher system is found to be an efficient way to channel fresh air into the room. The study also shows that the airflow rate of the air entering the room increases with the wind speed and slightly decreases with the wind incidence angle when the wind speed is lower than 3 m/s. In addition, the results show that the uniformity of air inlet decreases with increasing the wind speed and the incidence angle.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/23971
ISSN: 0360-1323
EISSN: 1873-684X
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.12.015
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