Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/23795
Title: Closed-loop-manipulated wake of a stationary square cylinder
Authors: Zhang, MM
Zhou, Y
Cheng, L 
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Springer
Source: Experiments in fluids, 2005, v. 39, no. 1, p. 75-85 How to cite?
Journal: Experiments in fluids 
Abstract: Vortex shedding from a fixed rigid square cylinder in a cross flow was manipulated by perturbing the cylinder surface using piezo-ceramic actuators, which were activated by a feedback hot-wire signal via a proportional-integral- derivative (PID) controller. The manipulated flow was measured at a Reynolds number (Re) of 7,400 using particle image velocimetry (PIV), laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) flow visualisation, two-component laser Doppler anemometry (LDA), hot wires and load cells. It is observed that the vortex circulation, fluctuating streamwise velocity, lift and drag coefficients and mean drag coefficient may decrease by 71%, 40%, 51%, 42% and 20%, respectively, compared with the unperturbed flow, if the perturbation velocity of the cylinder surface is anti-phased with the flow lateral velocity associated with vortex shedding. On the other hand, these quantities may increase by 152%, 90%, 60%, 67% and 37%, respectively, given in-phased cylinder surface perturbation and vortex shedding. Similar effects are obtained at Re=3,200 and 9,500, respectively. The relationship between the perturbation and flow modification is examined, which provides insight into the physics behind the observation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/23795
ISSN: 0723-4864
EISSN: 1432-1114
DOI: 10.1007/s00348-005-0979-3
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