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Title: Nanotechnology in textiles
Authors: Li, Y 
Lo, L
Hu, J
Issue Date: 2003
Source: Textile Asia, 2003, v. 34, no. 11, p. 29-34
Abstract: Nanotechnology, according to the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), is defined as utilisation of structures with at least one dimension of nanometre size for the construction of materials, devices or systems with novel or significantly improved properties due to their nano-size. Applications include solid-state, bio-, chemical and measurement technologies that converge "top-down" and "bottom-up" to the nanoscale. The concept of nanotechnology is however not new, having been adopted by Taniguchi in 1974 when he defined the critical dimensions and tolerances in technology. Hence nanotechnology is part of the evolution of machining accuracy, with no differences from traditional fields of science or engineering except in size. Today nanotechnology consists of four major fields: nanoelectronics, nanomaterials, molecular nanotechnology and nanoscale-resolution microscopy Enhancement of textile materials by nanotechnology applications is poised to become a trillion dollar industry in the next decade, with tremendous technological, economic and ecologic potential. The use of nanomaterials to enhance the functional performance of protective facemasks is described.
Publisher: Business Press Ltd
Journal: Textile Asia 
ISSN: 0049-3554
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